What is the shadow puppet of Indonesia?
Wayang, also spelled Wajang, (Javanese: “ shadow ”), classical Javanese puppet drama that uses the shadows thrown by puppets manipulated by rods against a translucent screen lit from behind. Developed before the 10th century, the form had origins in the thalubomalata, the leather puppets of southern India.
Who is the puppet master in shadow puppet play?
Komang Jaya Diputra
What are the two main types of Indonesian puppets?
Indonesia has a vast and rich history of puppetry . In fact, there are many different styles of puppetry from Indonesia . The two most popular are Wayang Kulit (shadow puppets ) and Wayang Golek (rod puppets ) Wayang means puppet .
What makes the wayang kulit different from other puppet show?
Wayang kulit is a unique form of theatre employing light and shadow. The puppets are crafted from buffalo hide and mounted on bamboo sticks. When held up behind a piece of white cloth, with an electric bulb or an oil lamp as the light source, shadows are cast on the screen.
What light do you use for shadow play?
The shadows are very sharp and clear because the flame is so bright and so small. To approximate that effect at home, use a clear (unfrosted) light bulb with as small a filament as possible. (A filament is the wire inside the bulb that makes the light .) A night light will do.
What are the elements of wayang kulit?
Answer: The fundamental components of a performance include: the puppeteer, dhalang a mallet used by the dhalang to knock on the puppet box, cempala metal plates that dhalang hits with his foot, kepyak.
Who is the most important person in wayang kulit performance?
For the benefit of the audience, four clowns, also played by the dalang, translate and comment on the stories in Balinese. The clowns are the most important characters. In the Mahabarata stories they are Tualen and his son Mendah, servants of the Pandawas, and Delem and Sangut, servants of the Korawas.
How do you do wayang kulit?
In a wayang kulit performance , the puppet figures are rear-projected on a taut linen screen with a coconut-oil (or electric) light. The dalang (shadow artist) manipulates carved leather figures between the lamp and the screen to bring the shadows to life.
How do shadow puppets work?
Shadow puppets are figures that are placed between a light and a screen. Moving them creates the illusion of moving images on the screen. An experienced puppeteer can make figures appear to walk, talk, fight and dance. Shadow puppetry is a popular form of entertainment in countries all over the world.
What is the most popular Wayang in Indonesia that uses shadow as puppets?
Today, wayang beber is rarely performed. Wayang kulit is performed with shadow puppets made of water buffalo hide and is said to have developed from scroll puppetry . This form is most popular in Bali, where it is called wayang kulit parwa, and in Central Java, where it is called wayang kulit purwa.
What is the music of wayang kulit?
Traditionally, wayang kulit performances employed only laras slendro gamelan. Today, a full gamelan consists of both laras slendro and laras pelog. One of the unique characteristics of gamelan music is that the pitches of these tuning systems are not found in the Western scale.
What is wayang kulit Malaysia?
The Wayang Kulit is a traditional theatre form that brings together the playfulness of a puppet show, and the elusive quality and charming simplicity of a shadow play.
How many puppeteers are involved in a single performance of wayang kulit?
A single performance may require the use of 100–500 puppets, varying from some 20 to 100 centimetres in height. The body of the puppet is usually depicted frontally, but the face and feet and the extremely long movable arms and hands are in profile.
What is the meaning of Kulit in wayang kulit?
Wayang kulit are two dimensional stick puppets made from leather with movable arms and sometimes jaws and legs. Wayang on its own simply means puppet and kulit means leather, which is what they’re made of. Puppet shows called wayang lemah/gedog are often held during daylight hours for ceremonial purposes.
What is the uses of wayang kulit?
The Indonesian words wayang (shadow or ghost) and kulit (leather or skin) define the two-dimensional puppets that are perhaps best known for enacting stories from the Hindu epics. The purpose of this art form is to educate its audience in moral and religious philosophy – and to entertain!